President Declares Nazi Defeat is Approaching

FDR Says Atrocities Against Jewsish People are Growing
Publication Date
Monday, June 12, 1944
Historical Event
FDR Shelters Refugees in Oswego, NY
This database includes 723 articles about this event
U.S. Government Responses to the Nazi Threat
Refugees and Immigration
Article Type
News Article
The Helena Independent/The Helena Daily Independent/The Independent-Record
Helena, Montana
Page Section and Number
History Unfolded Contributor
Jade W.
Location of Research
Montana State University Renne Library (http://www.lib.montana.edu/)

Learn More about this Historical Event: FDR Shelters Refugees in Oswego, NY


Breitman, Richard, and Alan Kraut. American Refugee Policy and European Jewry, 1933–1945. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1987.

Feingold, Henry. The Politics of Rescue: The Roosevelt Administration and the Holocaust, 1938–1945. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1970.

Friedman, Saul. No Haven for the Oppressed: United States Policy Toward Jewish Refugees, 1938–1945. Detroit, MI: Wayne State University Press, 1973.

Gruber, Ruth. Haven: The Dramatic Story of 1000 World War II Refugees and How They Came to America. New York: Times Books/Random House, 2000.

Lowenstein, Sharon. “A New Deal for Refugees: The Promise and Reality of Oswego.” In America, American Jews, and the Holocaust, edited by Jeffrey S. Gurock, 301317. New York: Routledge, 1998.

Lowenstein, Sharon R. Token Refuge: The Story of the Jewish Refugee Shelter at Oswego, 1944–1946. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1986.

Marks, Edward B. Token Shipment: The Story of America’s War Refugee Shelter. Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office, [1946].

Smart, Joseph H. Don’t Fence Me In!: Fort Ontario Refugees: How They Won Their Freedom. Salt Lake City: Heritage Arts, 1991.

Syrkin, Marie. “At Fort Ontario.” In The State of the Jews, 247–254. Washington, DC: New Republic Books, 1980.

Warnes, Kathy. “Don’t Fence Me In!”: Memories of the Fort Ontario Refugees and their Friends. Oswego, NY: Safe Haven Inc., Museum and Education Center, 2004.

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